Umatilla County Bird Checklists
Checklist of the Birds of Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge
Compiled by Aaron Skirvin and Neal Hinds
Current Number of Species Sighted: 218
New Sightings in 2013:

Eurasian Collared-Dove, Vaux's Swift, Black-bellied Plover,
Pectoral Sandpiper, Baird's Sandpiper, Red Phalarope, Sanderling, Barrow's Goldeneye
New Sightings in 2014
(No new sightings reported)

New Sightings in 2015
Ash-throated Flycatcher
Stilt Sandpiper

New Sightings in 2016
Chipping Sparrow
Last Updated: 23 August 2016

Cold Springs NWR is one of the premier birding sites in Umatilla County. Encompassing Cold Springs Reservoir and the lands immediately surrounding the reservoir, the 3,112-acre refuge is located in northwestern Umatilla County approximately 4 miles east of Hermiston and 20 miles northwest of Pendleton. The Bureau of Reclamation manages the dam and reservoir, while the US Fish and Wildlife Service manages the wildlife and wildlife habitat. A brochure describing the refuge and containing a map is available at the refuge entrance. Visitors should pickup a brochure to find out the areas of the refuge that are open and closed to public access. 

Birding is especially good in the the fall, but spring birding is very good, too. Mudflats on the southeast side and southwest corner of the reservoir usually attract many shorebirds during the fall migration. Waterfowl concentrate on the reservoir by the thousands in the fall. Many species of songbirds use the refuge for breeding and during spring and fall migration. Habitats on the refuge include dry grassland, riparian woodland, marsh, lake, and mudflats. The wide variety of habitats, situated in the arid landscape of western Umatilla County, attracts numerous species of birds over the course of a year. The following list contains a total of 218 species of birds that have been reported from Cold Springs NWR.  


Report rare bird sightings to: Dave Herr, Field Note Coordinator for The Pendleton Bird Club, at   

Greater White-fronted Goose American Avocet American Crow
Snow Goose Greater Yellowlegs Common Raven
Ross’s Goose Lesser Yellowlegs Tree Swallow
Cackling Goose Solitary Sandpiper Violet-green Swallow
Canada Goose Spotted Sandpiper Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Trumpeter Swan Whimbrel Bank Swallow
Tundra Swan Long-billed Curlew Cliff Swallow
Wood Duck Marbled Godwit Barn Swallow
Gadwall Red Knot Black-capped Chickadee
Eurasian Wigeon Sanderling Mountain Chickadee
American Wigeon Semipalmated Sandpiper Red-breasted Nuthatch
Mallard Western Sandpiper Brown Creeper
Blue-winged Teal Least Sandpiper Rock Wren
Cinnamon Teal Baird’s Sandpiper Bewick’s Wren
Northern Shoveler Pectoral Sandpiper House Wren
Northern Pintail Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Winter Wren
Green-winged Teal Dunlin Marsh Wren
Canvasback Stilt Sandpiper Golden-crowned Kinglet
Redhead Ruff Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Surf Scoter Short-billed Dowitcher Mountain Bluebird
Ring-necked Duck Long-billed Dowitcher Western Bluebird
Lesser Scaup Wilson's Snipe Townsend’s Solitaire
Bufflehead Wilson’s Phalarope Swainson's Thrush
Common Goldeneye Red Phalarope Hermit Thrush
Barrow's Goldeneye Red-necked Phalarope American Robin
Common Merganser Franklin’s Gull Varied Thrush
Ruddy Duck Bonaparte’s Gull Gray Catbird
Hooded Merganser Mew Gull Sage Thrasher
Ring-necked Pheasant Ring-billed Gull European Starling
California Quail California Gull American Pipit
Common Loon Herring Gull Cedar Waxwing
Pied-billed Grebe Glaucous-winged Gull Ovenbird
 Horned Grebe Sabine’s Gull Orange-crowned Warbler
Eared Grebe Caspian Tern Nashville Warbler
Red-necked Grebe Common Tern Yellow Warbler
Western Grebe Forster’s Tern Magnolia Warbler
Clark’s Grebe Black Tern Yellow-rumped Warbler
American White Pelican Rock Pigeon Black-throated Gray Warbler
Double-crested Cormorant White-winged Dove Townsend’s Warbler
American Bittern Mourning Dove Black-and-white Warbler
Snowy Egret Eurasian Collared-Dove Common Yellowthroat
Great Blue Heron Barn Owl MacGillivray’s Warbler
Great Egret Western Screech-Owl Wilson's Warbler
Green Heron Great Horned Owl Yellow-breasted Chat
Black-crowned Night-Heron Long-eared Owl Western Tanager
White-faced Ibis Short-eared Owl Spotted Towhee
Turkey Vulture Northern Pygmy-Owl Brewer's Sparrow
Osprey Northern Saw-whet Owl Chipping Sparrow
Bald Eagle Common Nighthawk American Tree Sparrow
Northern Harrier Vaux's Swift Lark Sparrow
Sharp-shinned Hawk Black-chinned Hummingbird Savannah Sparrow
Cooper’s Hawk Rufous Hummingbird Grasshopper Sparrow
Northern Goshawk Belted Kingfisher Fox Sparrow
Swainson’s Hawk Williamson’s Sapsucker Song Sparrow
Red-tailed Hawk Red-naped Sapsucker Lincoln’s Sparrow
Rough-legged Hawk Lewis's Woodpecker White-throated Sparrow
Golden Eagle Downy Woodpecker Harris’s Sparrow
American Kestrel Hairy Woodpecker White-crowned Sparrow
Merlin Northern Flicker Golden-crowned Sparrow
Peregrine Falcon Olive-sided Flycatcher Dark-eyed Junco
Prairie Falcon Western Wood-Pewee Black-headed Grosbeak
Virginia Rail Least Flycatcher Lazuli Bunting
Sora Hammond’s Flycatcher Red-winged Blackbird
American Coot Western Flycatcher Western Meadowlark
Sandhill Crane Black Phoebe Brewer’s Blackbird
Black-bellied Plover Ash-throated Flycatcher Yellow-headed Blackbird
American Golden-Plover Western Kingbird Great-tailed Grackle
Pacific Golden-Plover Eastern Kingbird Brown-headed Cowbird
Semipalmated Plover Northern Shrike Bullock's Oriole
Killdeer Cassin’s Vireo House Finch
Black-necked Stilt Warbling Vireo  Red Crossbill
  Clark’s Nutcracker Pine Siskin
  Black-billed Magpie American Goldfinch
    House Sparrow